Federal Job Guarantee

Conversations about the nation’s budget should be about spending priorities and the resources necessary to accomplish them: the people, materials and time. And those conversations should include the benefits of those spending priorities to the well-being of we, the People. See more at Green New Deal.

A bit of history: In 1999, Randy Wray, @mattybram, @ptcherneva and @StephanieKelton brought the Center for Full Employment & Price Stability to UMKC. For two decades, they hosted conferences, advised policy makers, and published volumes of research on the Job Guarantee. Links to their publications are here. This page contains more research, proposals and commentary related to instituting a Federal Job Guarantee; the thinking behind nice things we — the people — can have.

Networked community based organizations are emerging; working top down and bottom up. Here are three: Sunrise Movement (@sunrisemvmt), New Consensus (@newconsensus), Fight for FJG (@FightForFJG)

“We are talking about the monetary case for a job guarantee … to be able to democratize money we have to democratize work… there is an inherent relationship between the two in the modern monetary system… the monetary system’s original sin is that it creates unemployment and that money is a public institution that is launched into existence by creating unemployment… Taxes are never really a financing operation for the government. There are always a resource transfer operation even throughout historical time. They exist to provision the government in real good and services they are a tool of redistribution…”

The Black Woman Economist Who Pioneered a Federal Jobs Guarantee
— Nina Banks (@Nina_EBanks), Institute for New Economic Thinking, Feb 22, 2019

Research & Proposals
From Centre of Full Employment & Equity (CofEE) in 2004
A comparison of the macroeconomic consequences of basic incomeand job guarantee schemes
— Bill Mitchel (@billy_blog), Martin Watts

From Center for Full Employment & Price Stability (CFEPS) in 2005
Can Basic Income and Job Guarantees Deliver on Their Promises
— Pavlina Tcherneva (@PTcherneva), L. Randall Wray

In 2015, Binzagr (now Global Institute for Sustainable Prosperity) published Completing the Roosevelt Revolution: Why the Time for a Federal Job Guarantee Has Come.
– Pavlina R. Tcherneva (@PTcherneva), Global Institute for Sustainable Prosperity, Nov 2015

From Levy Institute
1.“The Job Guarantee • Design, Jobs and Implementation”
— Pavlina Tcherneva
2. “Guaranteed Jobs through a Public Service Employment Program”
— L. Randall Wray, Stephanie A. Kelton, Pavlina R. Tcherneva, Scott Fullwiler and Flavia Dantas.
3. “Public Service Employment: A Path to Full Employment”
— L. Randall Wray, Stephanie A. Kelton, Pavlina R. Tcherneva, Scott Fullwiler and Flavia Dantas.

Tcherneva maintains Frequently asked questions about the Job Guarantee

Center on Budget and Policy Priorities (CBPP) published The Federal Job Guarantee – A Policy to Achieve Permanent Full Employment
— Mark Paul (@MarkVinPaul), William Darity Jr. (@SandyDarity) & Darrick Hamilton (@DarrickHamilton), Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, March 9, 2018

Macroeconomic Stabilization Through an Employer of Last Resort
— Scott Fullwiler (@stf18) SSRN (@SSRN) Dec 10, 2010

Full Employment Through a Job Guarantee: A Response to the Critics
— William F. Mitchell, L. Randall Wray SSRN (@SSRN) Jan 1, 2005

The Media Response

The private sector WILL NOT create a job for every willing worker, yet we have plenty of goods and services for everyone. How to fix this? A federal job guarantee.
Cowboy Economist May 8, 2019 (08:32)

2 Hard Questions – Federal Job Guarantee (FJG) vs. Universal Basic Income (UBI) “This week we ask about the progressive policy of a Federal Job Guarantee: HOW a FJG would be implemented & WHY a FJG is a superior policy to a stand-alone UBI.”
New Macro March 29, 2019 (10:20)


Fadhel Kaboub – Federal Job Guarantee & Money – the environmental aspects of the Green New Deal and how the Federal Job Guarantee plays an important role in fulfilling the mission.
Fight For FJG, March 23, 2019, (56:21)

Modern Monetary Realism • Kenneth Rogoff’s criticism of Modern Monetary Theory assumes that MMT advocates don’t care about budget deficits or the independence of the US Federal Reserve. But these assumptions are wide of the mark, and Rogoff himself sometimes undermines his own arguments.
— James Galbraith, Project Syndicate (@ProSyn), March 15, 2019

Urban Job Guarantee Scheme: Hope Kindles, At Last • Urban Job Guarantee Scheme of the Congress government will cover 6.5 lakh unemployed youth in urban areas and while it won’t cure the dire joblessness in the state, it has given rise to aspirations
— Rakesh Dixit in Bhopal India Legal (@indialegalmedia), March 10, 2019

Why a universal basic income is a poor substitute for a guaranteed job
— Claire Connelly, Australia ABC, Jan 18, 2019

Direct Job Creation in America w/ Steven Attewell
— Steven Attewell (@StevenAttewell) talks with hosts Scott Ferguson (@Videotroph), William Saas (@billysaas) and Max Seijo (@MaxSeijo) Modern Money Network Humanities Division Jan 17, 201p. (01:10:46) Note: see all Money on the Left podcast titles here.

Money as a Democratic Medium | The Monetary Case for a Job Guarantee “Significant evidence suggests that employment leads rather than trails economic growth. That conclusion supports programmatic initiatives to create jobs directly in the public sector. At issue here are models that identify sovereign money as a public commitment that anticipates — and enables — productivity rather than expending a finite resource.”
— Pavlina Tcherneva (@PTcherneva), Philip Harvey, Rohan Grey (@rohangrey)‏, Darrick Hamilton (@DarrickHamilton), Daniel Sufranski Harvard Law School Jan 10, 2019 (1:35:56)

Michael Katz hosts this roundtable discussion on the Job Guarantee, featuring L. Randall Wray, Andy Felkerson, Pavlina Tcherneva, Jan Kregel, Mathew Forstater, Fadhel Kaboub, and Felipe Rezende. They talk about the need for full employment, the feasibility of the program, examples of government employment programs, and how it can be paid for.
Global Institute for Sustainable Prosperity
(@GISP_tweets) Jan 7, 2019 (51:50)

—2018—

The Job Guarantee is more than a Green New Deal job creation policy
— Bill Mitchell (@billy_blog) Bill Mitchell – Modern Monetary Theory, Dec 17, 2018

Climate change, Developing Nations, and Hyperinflation in an MMT Lens
— Fadhel Kaboub, Real Progressives, Dec 4, 2018 (13:00)

Can We Give a Good Job to Everyone Who Wants One?
— Editorial The Nation (@TheNation), Nov 27, 2018

ABC goes gaga for Modern Monetary Theory
— “Houses and Holes in Economics”, MacroBusiness, Nov 21, 2018 #JobGuarantee

A radical plan to give every Australian a job who wants one is gaining momentum•The unconventional plan would eliminate unemployment in Australia, says US economist Stephanie Kelton.
— Rosemary Bolger (@Rose_bolger), SBS News, (@SBSnews) Nov 17, 2018

The MMT Podcast: #11 Bill Mitchell: MMT Q&A – central banking, Job Guarantee and more…
— Bill Mitchell (@BillyBlog) talks with Patricia Pino (@PatriciaNPino) and Christian Reilly (@christreilly) via REKNR (@reknrmag). Nov 13, 2018 (01:35:22)

The MMT government job guarantee • The modern monetary theory can also offer a solution to the nation’s unemployment problems
— Stephen Williams Independent Australia, (@IndependentAus) Oct 11, 2018

Why Politicians Want the U.S. to Guarantee You a Job
— Katia Dmitrieva (@katiadmi), Bloomberg, Sept 21, 2018


A Job for Everyone? This 21st-Century Keynes Says It’s Possible William Darity, Jr., a Duke University professor, has pushed the idea of a federal job guarantee into the Mainstream
— Mattea Kramer (@MatteaKramer) Ozy, (@ozy) Sept 17, 2018

How a Federal Job Guarantee Can Help the Formerly Incarcerated
— Vanessa A. Bee @dolladollabille, New York Magazine, Aug 31, 2018

Popular econ professor advances universal job guarantee plan with Democrats #Deficit
— Rita Francesca Loffredo (@loffredo_rita) The College Fix, (@CollegeFix) Aug 22, 2018

There Is Work To Be Done: AI And The Future Of Work
— Mark Paul (@MarkVinPaul), Forbes, Aug 18, 2018

What Money Can Buy • The promise of a universal basic income—and its limitations.
— Bryce Covert (@BryceCovert), The Nation (@TheNation), Aug 15, 2018


Fareed Zakaria talks with Stephanie Kelton on “Making Martin Luther King and FDR’s dream a reality.” #JobGuarantee CNN – GPS Aug 5, 2018 (23:00-28:41)


What if you could sue the government for a job?
— Jeff Spross (@jeffspross), The Week, (@TheWeek) July 30, 2018

Should Democrats play it safe with a job guarantee?
— Jeff Spross (@jeffspross), The Week, (@TheWeek) July 27, 2018

Making a Federal Job Guarantee Work
— Joe Weisenthal(@TheStalwart) with William Darity Jr. (@SandyDarity) Bloomberg, July 24, 2018

The MMT Podcast: #5 A Job Guarantee vs a Universal Basic Income
— Rohan Grey (@RohanGrey) talks with Patricia Pino (@PatriciaNPino) and Christian Reilly (@christreilly) via REKNR (@reknrmag). July 8, 2018 (01:35:22) Pino asks about UBI at 23:30.

What Is A Federal Jobs Guarantee? Growing numbers of Democrats support the idea of guaranteeing decent jobs to all Americans. Here’s how they say it would work.
— Laura Paddison (@laurapaddison) HuffPost, July 6, 2018

Do We Need a Federal Jobs Guarantee? A Debate. • Sens. Kirsten Gillibrand, Cory Booker and Bernie Sanders have all proposed a job guarantee. But would it be drudgery?
— Raúl Carrillo (@RaulACarrillo), Rohan Grey (@RohanGrey) In These Times, June 18, 2018

Job Guarantee as Historical Struggle w/ David Stein
— David Stein (@DavidpStein) talks with hosts Scott Ferguson (@Videotroph), William Saas (@billysaas) and Max Seijo (@MaxSeijo) Modern Money Network Humanities Division May 27, 2018. (01:06:48) Note: see all Money on the Left podcast titles here.

Full Employment and Freedom • The fight for a full employment bill forty years ago offers lessons for supporters of a job guarantee today.
— David Stein (@DavidpStein) Jacobin (@jacobinmag), May 25, 2018

David Dayen (@DDayen) talks about job guarantee proposals with conservative host Jimmy Sengenberger.
— David Dayen (@DDayen) Business for Breakfast on KDMT-AM 1690 in Denver, May 24, 2018 (53:23)

Thinking Beyond Trump, Why We Need A Federal Jobs Guarantee
— Robert Reich, (@RBReich) Eurasia Review, May 22, 2018 (Cross-posted in Truthdig)

Three Ways to Design a Democratic Job Guarantee.
— Alexander Kolokotronis, (@AVK48) Truthout, May 20, 2018

Segregation is alive and well in America’s so-called land of opportunity — just ask black and Latino children • 50 years after the landmark Kerner Commission report, the United States still has a long way to go. #JobGuarantee
— Alan Curtis, Fred Harris NBC News, May 13, 2018

A Job Guarantee: A better, cheaper alternative to the Greens’ UBI
— Steven Hail (@StevenHail), Independent Australia, (@IndependentAus) May 12,  2018

Why the Latinx Community Should Fight for a Job Guarantee
— Alan A. Aja (@AlanAAja1), Raúl Carrillo (@RaulACarrillo), Rita Sandoval (@RitaMSandoval) @LatinoRebels, May 9, 2018

Likely 2020 Democratic Candidates Want To Guarantee A Job To Every American
— Danielle Kurtzleben, (@titonka) @NPR, May 8, 2018

Bernie Gets Socialistic • A national job guarantee has opened radical horizons for the Left. We should fight for it — but the devil is in the details.
— Max B. Sawicky, (@maxbsawicky) Jacobin, May 7, 2018

Political Aspects of Full Employment • Why do capitalists hate full employment? Because it weakens their power over workers.
— Michal Kalecki Jacobin Archives, May 7, 2018

The MMT Podcast: #4 What is the Job Guarantee?
— Fadhel Kaboub (@FadhelKaboub) talks with Patricia Pino (@PatriciaNPino) and Christian Reilly (@christreilly) via REKNR (@reknrmag). May 4, 2018 (01:35:22)

The Guardian view on a job guarantee: a policy whose time has come • Ministers need to adopt measures that secure a basic human right to engage in productive employment
— Editorial, The Guardian, May 3, 2018

We Work • Give job guarantee a chance
— James K. Galbraith, The Baffler May 2, 2018

Yes, a Jobs Guarantee Could Create “Boondoggles.” It Also Might Save the Planet.
— Kate Aronoff (@KateAronoff), In These Times, May 1, 2018

Human capital and the jobs guarantee
— Alexandra Scaggs (@alexandrascaggs), Financial Times — Alphaville, April 30, 2018

Calculating the Cost of a Jobs Guarantee
— Pavlina Tcherneva (@PTcherneva), Joe Weisenthal (@TheStalwart) Bloomberg, April 30, 2018

Whether America Can Afford a Job Guarantee Program Is Not Up for Debate
— David Dayen (@DDayen), The Intercept, April 30, 2018

How much would a job guarantee actually cost?
— Jeff Spross (@jeffspross), The Week, (@TheWeek) April 26, 2018

How Guaranteeing Jobs Became the Hot New Policy Priority for 2020 Dems • Bernie Sanders has a bill. Cory Booker too. And now Elizabeth Warren is on board.
— Gideon Resnick (@GideonResnick), The Daily Beast, (@thedailybeast) April 25, 2018

Why the Cause of Full Employment Is Back from the Dead • Franklin Roosevelt and Martin Luther King campaigned for it in vain—but the need for full employment has never gone away
— Harold Meyerson (@HaroldMeyerson), American Prospect, (@TheProspect) April 25, 2018

Need Work? Maybe That’s a Job for Government • Lots of good things can happen when people are employed.
— Noah Smith (@Noahpinion), Bloomberg, April 24, 2018

Embracing ‘the Sort of Bold Thinking We Need,’ Sanders to Introduce Plan to Guarantee Every American a Job • Proponents trace the idea back to the New Deal Era, when President Franklin Delano Roosevelt pitched a ‘Second Bill of Rights’ to Congress in 1944. First on the list: the ‘right to a useful and remunerative job.’
— Jake Johnson (@johnsonjakep), Common Dreams, (@CommonDreams) April 23, 2018

Bernie Sanders to announce plan to guarantee every American a job
— Jeff Stein (@jstein_wapo), Washington Post, April 23, 2018

The jobs guarantee and human-capital “nationalisation”
— Alexandra Scaggs (@alexandrascaggs), Financial Times — Alphaville, April 22, 2018

The Government Has A Job To Do– Creating Full Employment… And It’s Been Failing At It
— Howie Klein (@DownWithTyranny), DownWithTyranny, April 18, 2018

What If We Didn’t… have any unemployment?
— A.P. Joyce (@AndrewPaulJoyce) Mic, April 17, 2018


U.S. Jobs Guarantee Held Out as Path to True ‘Full Employment’
— Katia Dmitrieva (@katiadmi), Bloomberg, April 17, 2018

10 Principles for a Federal Job Guarantee
— Angela Glover Blackwell (@agb4equity), Sarah Treuhaft (@streuhaft), William Darity Jr. (@SandyDarity); Darrick Hamilton (@DarrickHamilton) PolicyLink (@PolicyLink) April 11, 2018


Why Democrats should fight for the right to a good job
— Katrina vanden Heuvel (@KatrinaNation), The Washington Post, April 10, 2018



The Zero Hour
R.J. Eskow talks with Pavlina Tcherneva about the the moral, policy and economic impacts of a national job guarantee. April 8, 2018 (16:38)


The Government Should Guarantee Everyone a Good Job • We have an opportunity to pass a good-jobs guarantee—but we have to start a movement now.
— Ady Barkan (@AdyBarkan), The Nation (@TheNation), April 4, 2018

A Guaranteed Jobs-for-All Program Is Gaining Traction Among 2020 Democratic Hopefuls
— Kate Aronoff (@KateAronoff), The Intercept, April 1, 2018

Food Stamps Aren’t a Substitute for Work. They’re How Low-Wage Workers Avoid Hunger. (#FederalJobGuarantee)
— Kalena Thomhave, @kalenasthom The American Prospect,
March 28, 2018

Data Wonk: A Federal Jobs [sic] Guarantee
— Bruce Thompson, Urban Milwaulkee, March 28, 2018

Red and Blue Voters Alike Could Rally Around This Radical Job Growth Idea • Pushing to expand Americorps or supporting a federal jobs guarantee has benefits for everyone.
— Liz Posner @elizpos, Alternet, March 28, 2018

The Radical Proposal That Moderate Democrats Should Be Running On (#FederalJobGuarantee).
— Eric Levitz @EricLevitz, Bloomberg Businessweek, March 22, 2018

Why Democrats Should Embrace a Federal Jobs Guarantee
— Sean McElwee @SeanMcElwee, Colin McAuliffe @unburythelead17 and Jon Green @_Jon_Green, The Nation (@TheNation), March 20, 2018

The Federal Job Guarantee – A Policy to Achieve Permanent Full Employment
— Mark Paul (@MarkVinPaul), William Darity Jr. (@SandyDarity) & Darrick Hamilton (@DarrickHamilton), Center on Budget and Policy Priorities, March 9, 2018

An Economic Bill of Rights for the 21st Century • In 1944, Franklin Roosevelt proposed constitutional amendments to guarantee Americans’ fundamental economic rights. It was never adopted—and today, is more necessary than ever. Here’s an adaptation of his program for our time.
— Mark Paul (@MarkVinPaul), William Darity Jr. (@SandyDarity) & Darrick Hamilton (@DarrickHamilton), American Prospect,
March 5, 2018



Pavlina Tcherneva — The Federal Job Guarantee
Job guarantee research; why such a policy is needed; and how it would work, from funding to implementation. Benefits to those who are often excluded from full participation in economic and social life; why a job guarantee is superior to an income guarantee alone;
Harvard Law School Chapter, Modern Money Network— , March 2, 2018 (1:14:01)


Opinion: Provide Jobs for All and End Poverty
— Chuck Lynd, Columbus Underground, Feb. 26, 2018


—2017—

What Sounds Better To You – Guaranteed Basic Income Or Federal Job Guarantee?
— Howie Klein (@DownWithTyranny), Naked Capitalism, Dec 29, 2017

The Job Guarantee & Social Justice (w/ Pavlina Tcherneva)
— Pavlina Tcherneva (@ptcherneva), Adam Simpson (@Adam Simpson), Cecilia Gingerich (@c_gingerich) The Next System Podcast (with transcript), Dec. 20, 2017

How Cities Can Do Better Than the Fight for $15 • It’s time for cities to reverse a shrinking workforce and build resilience in the face of climate change.
— Alan A. Aja (@AlanAAja1), William Darity Jr. (@SandyDarity); Darrick Hamilton (@DarrickHamilton) Yes! Magazine (@yesmagazine), Oct 6, 2017

It’s Time for the Government to Give Everyone a Job
— David Dayen (@DDayen), The Nation (@TheNation), May 19, 2017

Why Coretta Scott King Fought for a Job Guarantee
— David Stein (@DavidpStein), Boston Review, May 17, 2017

You’re Hired! • The Democrats are looking for a big idea? Here’s one: a guaranteed job for anyone who wants one. It’s not as crazy as it sounds.
— Jeff Spross (@jeffspross), Democracy, March 2017


“The Job Guarantee” featuring Pavlina Tcherneva
Jacobin Filmmaker: Rebecca Rojer 2017 (14:02)

5 Reasons Why a Federal Job Guarantee Makes Sense
— Mark Paul (@MarkVinPaul), William Darity Jr. (@SandyDarity) & Darrick Hamilton (@DarrickHamilton), In These Times, Feb 7, 2017

Why We Need a Federal Job Guarantee • Giving everyone a job is the best way to democratize the economy and give workers leverage in the workplace.
— Mark Paul (@MarkVinPaul), William Darity Jr. (@SandyDarity) & Darrick Hamilton (@DarrickHamilton), Jacobin, Feb 4, 2017

Why a universal basic income is a poor substitute for a guaranteed job
— Claire Connelly (@_ClaireConnelly) ABC News, Jan 19, 2017

—2016—

A Job for Everyone • A federal job guarantee is a good, All-American policy.
— Mark Paul US News Oct 7, 2016


“MMT: A Job Guarantee Would Bring Unemployment to Zero”
— Pavlina Tcherneva (@PTcherneva) Deficit Owls Aug 15, 2016 (4:29)

A Guaranteed Federal Jobs Program Is Needed.
— William Darity Jr. (@SandyDarity) NY Times July 11, 2016

—2015—

The Federal Job Guarantee: A Step Toward Racial Justice • A federal job guarantee would go a long way toward addressing racial disparities and building an inclusive U.S. economy.
— Darrick Hamilton (@DarrickHamilton), Dissent Magazine, Nov 9, 2015

—2014—

Growing Recognition of the Need for the Job Guarantee
— L. Randall Wray, New Economic Perspectives, Jan 16, 2014

16 Reasons Matt Yglesias is Wrong about the Job Guarantee vs. Basic Income
— Pavlina Tcherneva (@PTcherneva) New Economic Perspectives—2013—

Modern Money & Public Purpose 8: Economic Rights • Guranteed Income or Employment: Economic Rights for the 21st Century. “This seminar focuses on the social, political and economic justifications for securing a legal right to meaningful work and basic material wellbeing, as well as historical examples of direct public employment programs from various nations including the United States, Argentina and India. Questions to be addressed include: Should individuals have a legal right to work and/or basic material wellbeing? Can we afford a job or income guarantee? What would a job or income guarantee look like? What can we learn from direct employment programs from the past and abroad?”
— Pavlina Tcherneva (@PTcherneva), Philip T. Harvey, Gertrude Schaffner Goldberg ModernMoneyNetwork (@thepublicmoney) Sept 9, 2013 (2:27:16)

—2012—

Pavlina R. Tcherneva: Why the Job Guarantee is Superior (Wonkish)
— Pavlina Tcherneva (@PTcherneva), Naked Capitalism Feb 12, 2012

—2011—


Pavlina Tcherneva – Bottom Up Fiscal Policy: Direct Employment of the Unemployed • “To cure unemployment, mostly we prime the pump: we devise fiscal strategies on the presumption that jobs follow economic growth. But the strategies have not worked, unemployment remains high. That is why Pavlina Tcherneva studies policies that target the unemployed directly. She says that the government can reduce income inequality and restart the growth engine by putting people back to work. In other words, growth follows jobs. Investigating different models of fiscal policy — this is new economic thinking.”
— Thomas Leonard New Economic Thinking (@INETeconomics),‏ Dec 12, 2011 (9:57)