Basic Ideas

As appreciation for MMT grows, so does enthusiasm for explaining it. Some of this informed enthusiasm comes from people outside the circle of principal academic economists. Here are samples of a growing body of work describing, explaining and otherwise clarifying how money works in monetarily sovereign nations. Note: regardless of whether a piece describes how things work in the U.S., the U.K., Australia or any other nation acting as a currency issuer i.e., a sovereign currency and no foreign currency debt, the basics are the same. Among these articles, there is some redundancy and there are different approaches. Our favorite pieces may not be yours. We recommend you begin with the video and first several links on this page.



The Basics of Modern Money. A nation’s currency is a wonderful, powerful thing. Learn how countries like the U.S.—which issue their own sovereign currency—can afford to use that currency to serve their citizens. Get inspired about our untapped potential, and learn to be less worried about the so-called “national debt”!



A Beginners Guide to How Modern Economies Work

— Geoff Coventry, Modern Money Basics, Jan 2018


MMT on a Postcard


— Lambert Strether, NakedCapitalism, May 29, 2014


Modern Monetary Theory & Economic Education | Q&A with Stephanie Kelton — Part 1 AcTVism Munich • Information that Moves — March 21, 2018 (16:00)


Congress can give every American a pony (if it breeds enough ponies),
— Stephanie Kelton, LA Times, Sept. 29, 2017.


The Basics. Five articles provide a solid understanding of the basics of federal spending in easy to understand language. They cover what a US Dollar is, what US paper currency (cash) is, where the US Dollar comes from, federal taxation, federal deficit spending, budget surpluses, the Sectoral Balances equation, an overview of basic banking operations, and the US national debt.
— Ellis Winningham, MMT and Modern Macro Economics, Oct. 2016.

Government debt versus household debt: ‘Good’ and ‘bad’ debt explained
— Steven Hail, (@StevenHailAus) ‏ Independent Australia, May 3, 2017.

On the Use of the Ubiquitous Term “Printing Money” by MMT Novices – Please Stop Using It
— Ellis Winningham, MMT and Modern Macroeconomics, July 27, 2018


L. Wrandall Ray – Modern Money Theory: Intellectual Origins and Policy Implications — International and Comparative Law Center (ICLC) Seminar Series Oct 2015 (1:45:32)

MODERN MONEY THEORY: THE BASICS
— L. Randall Wray New Economic Perspectives, June 24, 2014.

Randy Wray: Modern Monetary Theory – The Basics, NakedCapitalism, June 28, 2014

Warren Mosler: Seven Deadly Innocent Frauds Of Economic Policy MoslerEconomics,
— Warren Mosler (@wbmosler) Dec. 10, 2009


Episode 1: MMT for Beginners, Q&A with Steve Friedman

— Adam Rice (@adamarice) May 6, 2018

Intro To Modern Money Theory • 22 short videos. MMT is partly a description of how our modern fiat, floating exchange rate currencies actually work, and partly a prescription of what we ought to do with this knowledge. MMT includes the realization that many of the constraints we place on our money system today as well as many of our models for understanding it are actually holdovers from the era of gold-standards and fixed exchange rates that no longer apply.
— Deficit Owls, Deficit Owls, Last updated Aug 2, 2017.

The Basics of Modern Monetary Theory,
— Alex Little, A Little Econ: There is an Alternative, June 3, 2014

The Rock-Star Appeal of Modern Monetary Theory: The Sanders generation and a new economic idea Atossa Araxia Abrahamian, The Nation, May 8, 2017

MMT Primer,
— L. Randall Wray, New Economic Perspectives

Modern Money Mechanics, MMT Simplified, Senexx, MMT simplified

Explainer: what is modern monetary theory?
— Steven Hail, (@StevenHailAus), The Conversation, Jan 30, 2017

Government debt versus household debt: ‘Good’ and ‘bad’ debt explained,
— Steven Hail, (@StevenHailAus) May 3, 2017

It’s taxpayers’ money….er no, it’s not!
— John Kelly, The AIM Network, Oct. 9, 2017

Modern Monetary Theory in a Nutshell
— Larry Kazdan The Johnsville News , June 29, 2011